Besan, also known as gram flour or chickpea flour, is a versatile ingredient widely used in Indian cuisine. Made from ground chickpeas, it has a light yellow color and a slightly nutty flavor. Besan is commonly used as a thickening agent in curries, gravies, and sauces. It is also used to make various snacks and sweets, such as pakoras, sev, and ladoos. Besan is known for its high protein and fiber content, making it a nutritious addition to meals. Its gluten-free nature makes it suitable for those with gluten sensitivities or dietary restrictions.